ABSTRACTS LIST                   Vol. VI, No. 2, Autumn-Winter 2015


EDITORIAL
TOTELECAN, Silviu G., "States without Power and Power without States", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 7-12, 2015.
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ARTICLES
GRAD, Marius Nicolae,"Sovereignty in the current geopolitical context. New meanings and dimensions ", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 13-30, 2015.
Abstract: This article addresses the contemporary issues and challenges of the international environment, from the perspective of geopolitics, and focuses on understanding how all these elements affect the states' sovereignty. Thereby, the two main research questions are the following: How the geopolitical context changed after the end of the Cold War? and What are the new meanings and dimensions of sovereignty within the international system? We considered analyzing the geopolitical context after the Cold War being given the fact that the aforementioned moment was the last one that changed profoundly the international structure. Also, we assume that the nature of state sovereignty has altered in the post-Cold War period in order to reflect new trends of a changing global society.
Keywords: sovereignty, geopolitics, trends, nation state, Westphalian Peace
ORN: IJHI2015v6n2_2

SCURT, Cornel-Traian; SEMENIUC, Ioan-Sorin, "Economic and social security - defining factor of sovereignty. A case study - Romania", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 31-44, 2015.
Abstract: Sovereignty in terms of international relations suffered profound modifications in globalization era, but still remain the central element of international rule of law. The principle's level of manifestation is being influenced by the more and more acute interdependencies, being influenced by an important series of factors. National security and national sovereignty represents the fundamental of the international relations morality and are in close interdependency. Economic security as essential factor of national security, which provides the resources and the dynamic balance of the others components, requires creating a social model, as a liaison element between economy and social systems. The correspondence between needs and possibilities subordinates themselves to the respect of human rights and relies on economic development and social cohesion. The economic security, in the core, aims to assure the conditions for maintaining the economic activities operating within normal parameters and the deterrence of the different types of attacks, the most important of them being the financial frauds, strategic dependence, cyber criminality, industrial espionage, corruption and underground economy.
Keywords: sovereignty, national security, economic security, social security, threat, economic policy
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POPA, Paul, "Sovereignty in terms of ethics and morality as instruments of humanitarian interventions ", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 45-56, 2015.
Abstract: In an international system characterized by interdependencies, morality and ethics have played over time an important role in determining the relations among actors. These concepts may impose responsibility to actors to respect their interactions and this paper aims to make an analysis on how sovereignty is affected by morality and ethics as instruments of interventions in conflict areas.
Keywords: sovereignty, morality, ethics, interest, jus cogens norms, interventions
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STANISTE, Marcela Mihaela, "Humanitarian interventions, responsibility to protect versus state sovereignty. The BRICS countries perspectives", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 57-70, 2015.
Abstract: The rise of emerging powers is challenging the current traditional world order dominated by the Western powers. Countries like the ones in the BRICS claim a greater role in the formulation of international politics and in the main international institutions based on their increased economic power. This paper aims to analyze their perspectives on humanitarian interventions and Responsibility to Protect. The BRICS are traditional countries in terms of state sovereignty and rejected the concept from the beginning (2001). In 2005, the five countries signed for the implementation of the concept and agree with the first two pillars of the concept, but disagree with the implementation of the third pillar, the actual military interventions.
Keywords: intervention, state sovereignty, R2P, BRICS
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NISTOR, Maria-Mihaela,"(Up)Rooting Sovereignty through the Metamorphoses of Migration ", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 71-80, 2015.
Abstract: This article emphasizes some key aspects of sovereignty in a brief synchronic analysis, insisting on the dynamic denotations the concept has in the actual global framework. Aspects related to asymmetric interactions of the migrants with the host society in a rather cosmopolitan world, where the nation-state is only one of the omnifarious actors involved in the policy- and decision making process are underlined, primarily in constructivist terms.
Keywords: sovereignty, migration management, security, constructivism, threats, integration, globalization
ORN: IJHI2015v6n2_6

DANCUTA, Raul-Ciprian, "The European Common Army - Between European Unity and National Sovereignty ", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 81-96, 2015.
Abstract: This paper takes into discussion the proposal of establishing, into a progressive manner, of a Common European Army, an institution having a collective defense role, imposing the European interests and maintaining the European unity, in the context in which the member states of the EU want to maintain their distinct elements that belonged to the national sovereignty. Or, the army meaning is - beyond its role of "leading the struggle" - "national sovereignty". In order to sustain its international role - maybe, to increase it - EU needs a deeper integration of the member states and it must create institutions capable to design its interests internationally. The establishment both of Common Foreign and Security Policy and of the European External Action Service is an insufficient approach, as long as it has no real elements able to achieve its objectives. According to these general considerations, the paper aims to identify which could be the relation between the existence of a common European army and the sovereignty of member states, taking into account the socio-cultural context of partners within the EU and, especially, the new challenges that EU will have to face and to solve in the next period.
Keywords: sovereignty, European unity, European Common Army, Common Foreign and Security Policy, especially to the Common Security and Defense Policy.
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BORSA, Sanda; CROITOR, Mihai, "A Soviet-Yugoslav ideological war: the exchange of letters of April-June 1958", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 97-106, 2015.
Abstract: In 1954, Nikita Khrushchev was making the first step towards the normalization of the Soviet-Yugoslav relations, which intensified significantly between 1955 and 1956. And yet, in 1958, the two sides engaged in a sarcastic exchange of letters regarding the draft programme of the 7th Congress of the LCY. Relying on documents from the Romanian archives, the present paper is trying to illustrate the main ideological differences marking the abovementioned exchange of letters.
Keywords: ideology, LCY, CPSU, 7th Congress of the LCY, Nikita Khrushchev, Josip Broz Tito
ORN: IJHI2015v6n2_8

CRISAN, Alexandru-Vlad, "The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: The principle of sovereignty and the right to self-determination ", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 107-132, 2015.
Abstract: This paper tries to shed some light on the aspects in regard to the principle of sovereignty and the right to self-determination as decisive elements in the course of the Nagorno-Karabakh war. Defining sovereignty and the right to self-determination as well as linking them to the conflict in Transcaucasia is the first part of this paper. Likewise, the reactions of the Azeri government and civil society are also analysed, as well as the factors which influenced the outcome of the conflict. Simultaneously, we shall analyse how the structure of the political power of the two states was formed as a result of the conflict in Mountainous Karabakh. Last but not least, the relation between the central leadership of the USSR with Azerbaijan and Armenia will be analyzed.
Keywords: sovereignty, self-determination, Nagorno-Karabakh, army, state, protest, Armenia, Azerbaijan, power
ORN: IJHI2015v6n2_9

BORSA, Sanda; CROITOR, Mihai, "In the name of Marxism-Leninism: ideological debates during the early ?60s", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 133-142, 2015.
Abstract: Although perceptible since 1957, the Sino-Soviet ideological disputes became public only in 1960. The main bilateral ideological dissensions were ignited by topics such as: the significance of the 20th Congress of the CPSU for the international communist movement, the nature of the contemporary era, questions of war and peace, the doctrine of peaceful coexistence and the forms of transition from capitalism to socialism. Based on a series of inedited and edited documents, the present paper aims at recollecting the main ideological divergences manifested between the CPSU and the CCP at the beginning of the 1960s.
Keywords: Sino-Soviet split, CPSU, CCP, Marxism, peaceful coexistence, revisionism, De-Stalinization
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LUTAI, Raluca Codruta "The Islamic State - aspects of sovereignty", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 143-152, 2015.
Abstract: Taking back the classic interpretation of the concept of sovereignty, the paper aims to analyze this concept in the light of the terrorist group ISIS. Methodologically speaking the analysis is based on content analysis tool. Starting with a discussion related to the concept of sovereignty and terrorism, and after a brief history of this group, the paper focuses on how the idea of sovereignty is reflected in the recently promoted magazine of the Islamic State group.
Keywords: Islamic State, state, sovereignty, DABIQ
ORN: IJHI2015v6n2_11

DUNA, Valentina-Tania; DUNA, Dacian; IVAN, Adrian Liviu"Approaching Al-Qaeda terrorism and the war on terror: a just war perspective ", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 6 (2) 153-178, 2015.
Abstract: The third millennium A.D. was expected to bring peace and to solve many of humankind's problems, from security to health or environment - to name a few. Instead, a black day came in the history of mankind (as Pope John Paul II once called 9/11) and the dogs of war have been once again unleashed, starting a sequence of events that lead to chaos in the Middle East and the establishment of ISIL. This paper approaches two of the most important events of the beginning of the 21st century, the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the war(s) on terror, from the perspective of the just war theory and tradition. The most important finding is that both the 'Al-Qaeda terrorism' and the 'war on terror' are not justified even by the standards imposed by the Catholic Catechism or the Qu'ran regarding the just cause for waging warfare. However, a traditional characteristic of state sovereignty (waging war) is no longer exclusively associated with the nation-state. It is already shared with non-state actors aspiring more or less to statehood.
Keywords: just war, terrorism, war on terror, US, Islam, Afghanistan, Iraq, secularization, de-secularization, sovereignty
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CONTRIBUTORS
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FULL ISSUE
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