ABSTRACTS LIST                   Vol. V, No. 1, Spring-Summer 2012


EDITORIAL
TOTELECAN, Silviu G., "Places and/or Non-places of Everyday Life", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 7-14, 2012.
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ARTICLES
TOTELECAN, Silviu G.; MANN, Stefan, "Living on the threshold between cultures and within a multilayered society", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 15-36, 2012.
Abstract: The concept of transculture suggests that we need to stay outside of a culture in order to understand the peculiarities of its identity. This paper attempts to find traces of this idea within the narrative of both insiders and outsiders. Interviews both in the academic sphere and among in- and outsiders in a semi-rural Swiss village are carried out and evaluated by objective hermeneutics. The empirical analysis indicates that even in pre-designed contexts it is hard to trace transcultural approaches because people are not yet ready to give up the clear-cut distinctions between what is inside and outside.
Keywords: glocal, transculture, Switzerland, objective hermeneutics, Lake Zurich, integration
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DUSCHE, Michael, "Muslim Identity vs. Political Liberalism", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 37-54, 2012.
Abstract: A great number of empirical studies on the attitudes of Muslims indicate that Islam or Muslim identity hardly allow any predictions regarding the predilections of Muslims regarding human rights and democracy in the framework of the modern constitutional state, or regarding the principal separation of politics from religion. From these studies one can infer that reasons other than Islam are responsible for the deficiencies in human rights and democracy in Muslim majority societies. Nevertheless, there has been an ongoing discourse among Muslim intellectuals about an apparent "malaise" of Muslims in the modern world, which according to these authors also affects the ability of Muslims to embrace modern democratic ideas and make democratic institutions work. One of their proponents is Akeel Bilgrami, a philosopher at Columbia University, New York, and a critique of John Rawls, one of the most influential theorists of the modern democratic state. The aim of the project is to place Akeel Bilgrami in the contemporary discourse of the "malaise" and to engage with his criticism of John Rawls' political liberalism, which Bilgrami bases on a philosophically sophisticated notion of Muslim identity.
Keywords: Muslim Identity, political liberalism, John Rawls, Akeel Bilgrami, emergent secularism, internal universalism, emergent universalism, relativism, Orientalism, essentialism
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BÁNFFY, Gèza, "The Category of the Daily Life. Contemporary theoretical and methodological perspectives", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 55-70, 2012.
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to draw attention upon the category of the daily life, the clue of a possible contemporary philosophical synthesis. The daily life - the everyday occurrence, as an ontological reality, category and determination of the human, a cognitive directive, essentiality and phenomenality, authenticity and inauthenticity - represents the aim of some desirable inquiry. This thesis is based on the analysis of Martin Heidegger's and Georg Lukács's works.
Keywords: Heidegger, Lukács, Heller, Ontology, Gnoseology, Method, Phenomenology, Hermeneutics, Axiology, Philosophical anthropology
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SPETEANU, Adriana, "The Structural Marks of Factory Life in the Late Period of Romanian Communism as represented by the 23 August Works", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 71-83, 2012.
Abstract: My paper deals with the structural paradigms of the planned economy in late communist Romania. With the use of an anthropological method of analysis, I try to establish a pattern in the contextualization of daily factory life by using the example of the 23 August Works, chosen because of their symbol-function in the propaganda apparatus of the Ceausescu regime. The first segment of the paper presents the theoretical considerations of such an analysis, while the second part is a short case study regarding the perceptions of former employees in an enterprise which can be interpreted as a mirror of Romanian society near the end of the communist experiment.
Keywords: industrialism, industrial anthropology, communism, case study, factory, hierarchy, 23 August Works, planned economy, bureaucracy
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FAICIUC, Lucia Elisabeta, "Humanist values in everyday moral thinking", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 85-100, 2012.
Abstract: The origin of the folk morality in the society of our days is an understudied subject. The present paper is meant to be a contribution in that direction, by positing that a major source of the current folk moral theories may be represented by humanist ideas that have leaked from scientific literature into the common public discourse, influencing finally the moral thinking of laypersons. Several such humanist ideas, with their correspondent humanist values, were analyzed from that perspective, identifying some of their common interpretations in the laypersons' thinking and their consequences in what respects everyday moral implications at an individual and social level. Based on that, a final conclusion was drawn, in accordance with which a misunderstanding of many humanist ideas may represent a dead end for the people trying to solve with them moral issues in their daily life, especially when they are conveniently selected and reinterpreted by those people, ignoring the whole original humanist picture that confers them another meaning.
Keywords: humanist values, folk morality, self-actualization, moral decision
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OLATUNJI, Felix O., "Morality and Philanthropy: A Discourse", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 101-113, 2012.
Abstract: This paper examines the nature of morality in human society, that is, what ought to be done to alleviate the sufferings of others in the society and give a helping hand in situations of necessity and empathy. This shall be done by theorising on the issue of philanthropy, which might be equalled to altruism- a theory of conduct that aspires to the good of others as the ultimate end for any moral action. This is a form of support being rendered to individuals, societies and groups; looking at it not only from the normative angle but also examining and thematising it from meta-ethics - language discourse and analysis.
Keywords: Morality, philanthropy, language discourse, society, altruism, modern world, ethics
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VASILIU, Alexandru, "Pier Paolo Pasolini, Accattone and the Condition of the Underclass Heretical Semiotics as a Method of Overcoming Dialectical Materialism", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 115-127, 2012.
Abstract: My paper presents the connection between the ideological structure of Pasolini's first film, Accattone, and the heterodox nature of his theoretical discourse. The "heretical semiotics" which he alludes transforms an apparent dialectical materialism into a form of abstracted extrapolation of symbols from objects, characters, and actions. I suggest that the spatial contextualization of these ontological elements plays a key role in the negation of a supposed fatalism in Pasolini's work, and in the affirmation of the validity present in his disseminating theoretical justification of social praxis as a means to change an unacceptable reality. Beyond these considerations, I have also touched upon the sacredness implied by Pasolini's use of technical means to suggest an iconographic staticness of images and actions, and to establish what I consider to be the "visual archaeology" of a passing world: that of the borgate - the marginal townships in which the underclass lives.
Keywords: Pasolini, Accattone, borgata, ideology, Marxism, lumpenproletariat, underclass, alienation, semiotics, Christianity, sacred, profane, consumerism, spatialization
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CONTRIBUTORS
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FULL ISSUE
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