Vol. V, No. 1, Spring-Summer 2012
TOTELECAN, Silviu G., "Places and/or Non-places of Everyday Life", International
Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 7-14, 2012.
TOTELECAN, Silviu G.; MANN, Stefan, "Living on the threshold between cultures
and within a multilayered society", International Journal on Humanistic
Ideology 5 (1) 15-36, 2012.
Abstract: The concept of transculture suggests that we need to stay outside of a culture
in order to understand the peculiarities of its identity. This paper attempts to find
traces of this idea within the narrative of both insiders and outsiders. Interviews
both in the academic sphere and among in- and outsiders in a semi-rural Swiss village
are carried out and evaluated by objective hermeneutics. The empirical analysis indicates
that even in pre-designed contexts it is hard to trace transcultural approaches because
people are not yet ready to give up the clear-cut distinctions between what is inside and outside.
Keywords: glocal, transculture, Switzerland, objective hermeneutics, Lake Zurich, integration
DUSCHE, Michael, "Muslim Identity vs. Political Liberalism",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 37-54, 2012.
Abstract: A great number of empirical studies on the attitudes of Muslims indicate that Islam or Muslim
identity hardly allow any predictions regarding the predilections of Muslims regarding human rights and
democracy in the framework of the modern constitutional state, or regarding the principal separation of
politics from religion. From these studies one can infer that reasons other than Islam are responsible
for the deficiencies in human rights and democracy in Muslim majority societies. Nevertheless, there has
been an ongoing discourse among Muslim intellectuals about an apparent "malaise" of Muslims in the modern
world, which according to these authors also affects the ability of Muslims to embrace modern democratic
ideas and make democratic institutions work. One of their proponents is Akeel Bilgrami, a philosopher at
Columbia University, New York, and a critique of John Rawls, one of the most influential theorists of the
modern democratic state. The aim of the project is to place Akeel Bilgrami in the contemporary discourse
of the "malaise" and to engage with his criticism of John Rawls' political liberalism, which Bilgrami bases
on a philosophically sophisticated notion of Muslim identity.
Keywords: Muslim Identity, political liberalism, John Rawls, Akeel Bilgrami, emergent secularism, internal
universalism, emergent universalism, relativism, Orientalism, essentialism
BÁNFFY, Gèza, "The Category of the Daily Life. Contemporary
theoretical and methodological perspectives", International Journal on Humanistic
Ideology 5 (1) 55-70, 2012.
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to draw attention upon the category of the daily life, the clue of a
possible contemporary philosophical synthesis. The daily life - the everyday occurrence, as an ontological
reality, category and determination of the human, a cognitive directive, essentiality and phenomenality,
authenticity and inauthenticity - represents the aim of some desirable inquiry. This thesis is based on the
analysis of Martin Heidegger's and Georg Lukács's works.
Keywords: Heidegger, Lukács, Heller, Ontology, Gnoseology, Method, Phenomenology, Hermeneutics,
Axiology, Philosophical anthropology
SPETEANU, Adriana, "The Structural Marks of Factory Life in the Late Period of
Romanian Communism as represented by the 23 August Works", International Journal on Humanistic
Ideology 5 (1) 71-83, 2012.
Abstract: My paper deals with the structural paradigms of the planned economy in late communist Romania.
With the use of an anthropological method of analysis, I try to establish a pattern in the contextualization
of daily factory life by using the example of the 23 August Works, chosen because of their symbol-function
in the propaganda apparatus of the Ceausescu regime. The first segment of the paper presents the theoretical
considerations of such an analysis, while the second part is a short case study regarding the perceptions of
former employees in an enterprise which can be interpreted as a mirror of Romanian society near the end of
the communist experiment.
Keywords: industrialism, industrial anthropology, communism, case study, factory, hierarchy, 23 August Works,
planned economy, bureaucracy
FAICIUC, Lucia Elisabeta, "Humanist values in everyday moral thinking",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 85-100, 2012.
Abstract: The origin of the folk morality in the society of our days is an understudied subject. The present
paper is meant to be a contribution in that direction, by positing that a major source of the current folk
moral theories may be represented by humanist ideas that have leaked from scientific literature into the common
public discourse, influencing finally the moral thinking of laypersons. Several such humanist ideas, with their
correspondent humanist values, were analyzed from that perspective, identifying some of their common interpretations
in the laypersons' thinking and their consequences in what respects everyday moral implications at an individual
and social level. Based on that, a final conclusion was drawn, in accordance with which a misunderstanding of many
humanist ideas may represent a dead end for the people trying to solve with them moral issues in their daily life,
especially when they are conveniently selected and reinterpreted by those people, ignoring the whole original humanist
picture that confers them another meaning.
Keywords: humanist values, folk morality, self-actualization, moral decision
OLATUNJI, Felix O., "Morality and Philanthropy: A Discourse",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1) 101-113, 2012.
Abstract: This paper examines the nature of morality in human society, that is, what ought to be done to alleviate the
sufferings of others in the society and give a helping hand in situations of necessity and empathy. This shall be done by
theorising on the issue of philanthropy, which might be equalled to altruism- a theory of conduct that aspires to the good
of others as the ultimate end for any moral action. This is a form of support being rendered to individuals, societies and
groups; looking at it not only from the normative angle but also examining and thematising it from meta-ethics - language
discourse and analysis.
Keywords: Morality, philanthropy, language discourse, society, altruism, modern world, ethics
VASILIU, Alexandru, "Pier Paolo Pasolini, Accattone and the Condition of the Underclass Heretical
Semiotics as a Method of Overcoming Dialectical Materialism", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 5 (1)
Abstract: My paper presents the connection between the ideological structure of Pasolini's first film, Accattone, and the heterodox
nature of his theoretical discourse. The "heretical semiotics" which he alludes transforms an apparent dialectical materialism into
a form of abstracted extrapolation of symbols from objects, characters, and actions. I suggest that the spatial contextualization of
these ontological elements plays a key role in the negation of a supposed fatalism in Pasolini's work, and in the affirmation of the
validity present in his disseminating theoretical justification of social praxis as a means to change an unacceptable reality. Beyond
these considerations, I have also touched upon the sacredness implied by Pasolini's use of technical means to suggest an iconographic
staticness of images and actions, and to establish what I consider to be the "visual archaeology" of a passing world: that of the
borgate - the marginal townships in which the underclass lives.
Keywords: Pasolini, Accattone, borgata, ideology, Marxism, lumpenproletariat, underclass, alienation, semiotics, Christianity, sacred,
profane, consumerism, spatialization