Vol. IV, No. 2, Autumn-Winter 2011
GLIGOR, Mihaela, "Conceptual Patterns in Symbolic
Representation of History. Mircea Eliade's Legacy at 25 Years after his Death", International
Journal on Humanistic Ideology 4 (2) 7-14, 2011.
ALLEN, Douglas, "Eliade's Legacy 25 Years
Later: A Critical Tribute", International Journal on Humanistic
Ideology 4 (2) 15-28, 2011.
Abstract: During his lifetime, Mircea Eliade was often described as
the world's foremost scholar of symbolism, myth, and religion, but
late in his life and during the past 25 years his influence has
greatly declined. What remains of that once influential Eliade? I
examine the controversies surrounding Eliade, his scholarship, and
his legacy through the perspectives of supporters and critics. I
suggest how one might examine Eliade's legacy mythically and
nonmythically. While granting many legitimate criticisms, I maintain
that some of what Eliade offered remains very significant today, but
only if Eliade's scholarly approach is selectively appropriated and
reconstituted in new, open-ended, contextually sensitive ways and is
integrated with the contributions of non-Eliade approaches.
Keywords: legacy, religion, contextualization, myth, symbolism,
critics, supporters, "the other", selective reformulations.
OLSON, Carl, "The Tension between Scholarship
and Politics: A Consideration of the Legacy of Eliade",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 4 (2) 29-42, 2011.
Abstract: When assessing the legacy of Mircea Eliade one is forced
to consider his political past, his silence about this past, and
attack by his critics for his earlier political associations. By
reviewing his critics, it becomes obvious that they have embraced a
fad in Religious Studies and are engaged in ad hominem attacks,
regrettable developments in the field. This type of criticism is
self-defeating for the critic and not very helpful with determining
a scholar's contribution to his field of study. At this point in the
history of the field, Eliade's legacy is ambiguous, although another
twenty-five years might more fully clarify his legacy.
Keywords: Mircea Eliade, ad hominem arguments, politics, fad, yoga,
BORDAS, Liviu, "Between the Devil's Waters and
the Fall into History or an Alternate Account of Mircea Eliade's
Diopteries", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 4
(2) 43-76, 2011.
Abstract: Mircea Eliade's high school years and early intellectual
formation have been reconstructed mainly from his Memoirs and from
the Novel of the Nearsighted Adolescent. The journals of the
"nearsighted adolescent" (1920-1925) are only partially published
and known. Eliade himself never intended to publish them as such.
They are however the most important source for that period.
Researching their manuscripts preserved in the Library of the
Romanian Academy and in "Mircea Eliade Archive" (custody of Mircea
Handoca), we attempted to shed more light on some aspects of his
early intellectual formation. Two aspects of it, ignored so far,
requested special attention: eroticism and politics. We brought
evidence of the interest manifested by high school students for
anti-Semitism, socialism and anarchism, and discussed Eliade's
attitude towards these ideologies as well as his relationship with
his Jewish classmates.
Keywords: Mircea Eliade, school years, inedited journals, eroticism,
Jews, politics, anti-Semitism, socialism, anarchism.
BHATTACHARYYA, Sanjukta, "Mircea Eliade on
Myth and its Significancein Socio-Religious Culture from an
"Antireductionist Orientation", International Journal on
Humanistic Ideology 4 (2) 77-88, 2011.
Abstract: Mircea Eliade believed that the historical study of the
development of myths of different periods or societies give us the
knowledge about the culture, tradition and religious life of that
period or society. As an expression of the sacred in words, myths
are symbolic and symbols are the language of myth. Eliade's major
emphasis was on the narrative parts of myths that reveal hidden
transhistorical meanings. The aim of this paper is to justify the
importance of historical approach in interpreting and analyzing myth
and its significance in socio-religious culture from Eliade's
perspective. The paper also intends to bring forth a critical
evaluation of Mircea Eliade's "Antireductionist Orientation" of
history of religion, which is empirical or phenomenological in
nature, as a method to interpret myth. Eliade was criticized for
being biased towards the history of religions with an
"Antireductionist Orientation" as a method to study myth, on account
that it provided irreducibility to religious interpretations of
mythic data. But, this paper also argues in his method having a
special role in integrating and synthesizing the contributions of
other specialized approaches within a broad, coherent, meaningful
and irreducible religious framework that history of religion as a
Keywords: Mircea Eliade, History of Religion, Antireductionism, Myth
and Mythical analysis.
RICKETTS, Mac Linscott, "My Correspondence
with Maitreyi Devi", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology
4 (2) 89-96, 2011.
Abstract: For Mircea Eliade's readers, Maitreyi Devi is more than a
character. The daughter of the famous Indian philosopher
Surendranath Dasgupta, Maitreyi is a writer and a poet, recipient of
many literary awards. It was her destiny to meet Eliade and his
literary skill to transform this unique encounter in one of the most
beautiful love stories ever written. The following article will
focus on their story, as seen by someone who was in correspondence
with her; their main subject was Eliade.
Keywords: Mircea Eliade, Maitreyi Devi, correspondence, story,
TATU, Razvan, "Reflecting on Mircea Eliade:
Religious Experience as Re-Ontologizing Fact", International
Journal on Humanistic Ideology 4 (2) 97-100, 2011.
Abstract: Thinking of Mircea Eliade, his work and his thought, for
us, the young, the task of presenting such a huge momentum in the
history of thought and ideas seems almost impossible. For there has
always been held that conventional frames, generated by conventional
signs are not enough for expressing the structure of religious
thought or experience, because we live in a too conventional world,
but the words of some special people remain as fragments of a
revelation, if we are allowed to say, representing a perennial
fountain of knowledge. It is the experiential, ontic aspect of the
religious fact that we sought to depict in the reflections of this
Keywords: sacred, profane, knowledge, hermeneutics, hierohistory,
PRASOPCHIGCHANA, Sarunya, "Symbolic
Representation in Buddhism", International Journal on Humanistic
Ideology 4 (2) 101-112, 2011.
Abstract: The Buddhist symbolism is mostly focused on a few
distinctive elements that basically aim at the transgression from
their physical significance to the abstract embodiment of the "law"
(dharma) they stand for. The elements considered here are those
related to the four principal events of the Buddha's life: the
lotus, the Bodhi tree, the Dharma-wheel, and the stÚpa. Eliade's
understanding of these particular Buddhist symbols and on his
interpretation is also considered.
Keywords: symbolic representation, Buddhist symbols, Mircea Eliade,
lotus, Bodhi tree, Dharma, stupa.
CASADIO, Giovanni, "Physics and Metaphysics of
Sex in Mircea Eliade" , International Journal on Humanistic
Ideology 4 (2) 113-124, 2011.
Abstract: Mircea Eliade is a Faustian, odysseic and Dionysian
character, marked in his destiny by the madness of omnipotence, by
peregrination and contradiction. In this paper we propose facing
various moments of his inner life during the period of Portugal
basing on the ideas exposed in his Jurnal portughez (The Portugal
Journal). From a reflection on women as a virtual subject and object
of desire and enamourment, he moves to other thoughts related to
physics and the metaphysics of sex. This matter can be finally
connected with broader philosophical and historico-religious
realities on the wake of Italian esotericist Julius Evola.
Keywords: The Portugal Journal, philosophy, Julius Evola, historico-religious
BORDAS, Liviu, "The difficult encounter in
Rome. Mircea Eliade's post-war relation with Julius Evola - new
letters and data", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology
4 (2) 125-158, 2011.
Abstract: Our knowledge of the post-war relationship between Eliade
(1907-1986) and Evola (1898-1974) was based mainly on fifteen
letters of Evola, and on two recollections from Eliade's journal and
memoirs. The article presents and discusses new data supplied by
eight inedited letters of Evola and four entries from Eliade's
unpublished journal. This data is corroborated with Evola's reviews
of Eliade's books, with the reciprocal quotations in their works, as
well as with various mentions from their correspondence with other
persons. The new information helps to draw a clearer picture of
their epistolary relation, re-established in September 1949, of
their two encounters in Rome (May 1952 and April 1955), as well as
of the successive moments of fracture between them (1955 and 1964).
It also brings into discussion topics such as yoga, esotericism,
racism or fascism, which provide seed for further inquiry.
Keywords: Mircea Eliade, Julius Evola, inedited letters, unpublished
journal, visits to Rome, book reviews and translations, yoga,
esotericism, fascism, racism.