Vol. III, No. 1, Spring-Summer 2010 REVIEWS
GLIGOR, Mihaela, "Knowledge and Cognitive Science. The Problem", International
Journal on Humanistic Ideology 3 (1) 7-10, 2010.
NERSESSIAN, Nancy J., "Mental Modeling in
Conceptual Change", International Journal on Humanistic Ideology
3 (1) 11-48, 2010.
Abstract: In this paper I will focus on one capacity, that for
mental modeling, in part because analogy, visualization, and
simulation contribute to reasoning through mental modeling and in
part because mental modeling is a central notion used in analyses of
conceptual change across the literatures of studies of science,
learning, and cognitive development.
Keywords: mental modeling, cognitive development, understanding,
human cognition, cognitive science.
CHATTERJEE,Amita, "Where is the knowledge we
have lost in information?", International Journal on Humanistic
Ideology 3 (1) 49-58, 2010.
Abstract: An unjustified criticism of dehumanizing human nature was
raised with the advance of naturalist and cognitivist approaches to
deciphering mental functioning. In reality, the "seed" of evil was
sowed long before in the deep soil of analytical epistemology. A
fresh way of looking at these approaches is proposed by "the new
design argument" inspired by the concept of "situated knowledge"
anticipated by Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty. The knowledge lost in
the sea of knowledge is to intimately couple the brain, its body and
the environment in which it is situated, reconceptualizing therefore
the entire knowledge scenario.
Keywords: knowledge, information, naturalism, cognitivism,
analytical epistemology, situated knowledge.
NISSAN, Ephraim, "Wearing the Badge of the
Alliance vs. Having to Wear a Badge to Be Told Apart: Joseph Cazes
in Teheran in 1898. Cognitive Analysis and Cultural Aspects",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 3 (1) 59-108, 2010.
Abstract: Episodic formulae are a notation from artificial
intelligence, introduced by this author and applied thus far to
various social narratives. In this article, we offer a taste of the
analysis in formulae of a humanitarian case from 1898, with wider
implications in social history: Cazes, the representative of a
Parisian philanthropic educational institution was in Teheran just
as a new clerical decree was forcing all members of a minority faith
community to wear a badge so that they could be told apart and
mistreated. Striving for the lesser evil, Cazes managed to have this
commuted into that community wearing (hopefully in pride) the badge
of his own organisation. Whereas this presentation will keep
formulae to a minimum, we rather discuss the cultural context of the
narrative, as well as the methodological context of the formal
Keywords: cognitive states, history, humanitarian aid, faith
schools, secularised education, discrimination, intercommunal
SUGU, Dana; CHATTERJEE, Amita, "Flashback:
Reshuffling Emotions", International Journal on Humanistic
Ideology 3 (1) 109-134, 2010.
Abstract: Each affective state has distinct motor-expressions,
sensory perceptions, autonomic, and cognitive patterns. Panksepp
(1998) proposed seven neural affective systems of which the SEEKING
system, a generalized approach-seeking system, motivates organisms
to pursue resources needed for survival. When an organism is
presented with a novel stimulus, the dopamine (DA) in the nucleus
accumbens septi (NAS) is released. The DA circuit outlines the
generalized mesolimbic dopamine-centered SEEKING system and is
especially responsive when there is an element of unpredictability
in forthcoming rewards. We propose that when the outcome of this
interaction is unexpected or unanticipated then Panksepp's
"cognitive or expectancy reset" mechanism involving the cognitive
dissonance would yield the subjective emotion of surprise. In order
to appropriately react to the environment's stimuli one needs
fundamental processes that would enable one to distinguish between
what is novel and what has been already experienced, as well as the
different degrees of novelty. Novel events are those whose essential
features of the representation (visceral and perceptual) are altered
and being discrepant provoke more sustained attention. Novelty
arises from salient and arousing events and the organism experiences
surprise, as coming out of a habitual state. In this framework, we
shall look at established theories of emotions and propose a
different approach to their taxonomy.
Keywords: habituation, change, novelty, arousal, taxonomy of
affective processes, SEEKING system.
SUCALĂ, Mădălina, "Cognitive mechanisms
involved in the subjective perception of time. A critical review",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 3 (1) 135-140,
Abstract: Timing is a crucial function necessary to adapt to ever
changing environmental conditions. However, the subjective
perception of time is not isomorphic to clock time and it can be
affected by a number of factors. This article has the objective to
review the main empirical findings in time perception literature and
to summarize and offer a critical perspective on the current
cognitive models of psychological time.
Keywords: subjective time perception, cognition, attention, memory.
DHAR, Sharmistha, "Affective Intuition and
Rule Deployment: The Dénouement of Moral Judgment", International
Journal on Humanistic Ideology 3 (1) 141-152, 2010.
Abstract: What faculty of our mind is best suited to endow us with
all that is required to carry forth our moral enterprise? In other
words, what are the cognitive resources that subserve the moral
mind? This is a core empirical question, raised much to the delight
of the investigative inquisitiveness of the moral psychologists. But
the philosophical connection to this problem can be traced back to
as far in time as that of Plato the main tenet of whose tripartite
theory of soul was that the rational element of the soul is like the
charioteer who holds sway over his two horses - the manageable one,
i.e. the spirited element and the unwieldy one, i.e. the vegetative,
emotionally unruly element of the soul. And the era of
reason-emotion debate begins, percolating into the field of moral
beliefs that we inculcate and judgments that we pronounce. The
mainstay of this short paper is a comparative analysis of two
recently emerging theoretical frameworks claimed to be underlying
moral judgments - one espoused by moral psychologist Jonathan Haidt
claims that moral judgment is primarily elicited unconsciously by
affect-driven intuition and the other put forward by philosopher
Shaun Nichols attempts to highlight the conscious deliberation about
moral rules. After critical analysis of both the views, this work
suggests that a syncretic approach to the aetiological theorization
about moral judgment may provide some silver lining.
Keywords: moral judgment, moral dilemma, moral dumbfounding, moral
intuition, moral rule.
ALVANDI, Ebrahim Oshni; DEHAGI, Majeed Akbari,
"Cognitive Approach to Model-Based Sciences", International
Journal on Humanistic Ideology 3 (1) 153-166, 2010.
Abstract: Models are ideal structures and are constructed by the
agents or model makers. A scientist as a model maker tries to
research, describe and explain the nature and the world by different
models. This paper, at first, pursues to distinguish the concept of
model-based science and then explain the role of cognitive sciences
in the formation of model-based sciences. Cognitive sciences pay
attention to the human structural features and human cognitive
processes which are important in model-based science. Meanwhile, as
the "representation" is one of the features which has been discussed
in cognitive sciences, the next steps of the paper is to concentrate
on the role of representation in model-based sciences. Realism and
rationality, considering representation, in model-based sciences are
the last concepts which are scrutinized by the approach of cognitive
Keywords: cognitive sciences, model-based sciences, representation,
reality and rationality.
CHAKRABARTY, Madhushree; CHATTERJEE, Amita,
"Assessment of Dyshyponoia in Multicultural Plurilingual Setup",
International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 3 (1) 167-180,
Abstract: Researches on language cognition has so far concentrated
on the contribution of left hemisphere (or dominant hemisphere),
grossly neglecting the role of right hemisphere. Very few studies
have been made to explore in details the various communication
disorders that result from right hemisphere lesion. One reason for
this can be obviously traced to the difficulty in assessing or
measuring the factors determining pragmatic incompetence (which are
usually affected in RH lesion) compared to the structural components
concerned with linguistic competence (which are usually impaired in
LH lesion). In this paper we have made an attempt to discuss the
communication disorders that result from RH lesion and some
practical problems associated with such investigations.
Keywords: Dyshyponoia, Pragmatics, Context, Neurolinguistics,
CHATTOPADHYAY, Madhumita, "Nature of Cognition
in the Philosophy of Bhartrhari: A Short Note", International
Journal on Humanistic Ideology 3 (1) 181-192, 2010.
Abstract: In the history of Indian philosophy Bhartrhari occupies a
very distinguished position for relating grammar to philosophy and
elaborating the language-philosophical ideas which were hinted at in
the grammatical traditions of Panini, Katyayana and Patanjali.
Keywords: Bhartrhari, Indian philosophy, linguistic, cognition,